11. Melodic structure

Peter McNeaney
November 7/2023

Secondary Dominants

Complete this chart and play it

Musical Form


A phrase is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical sense of its own, built from figures, motifs, and cells, and combining to form melodies, periods, and larger sections.

In common practice phrases are often four bars long.


A period consists of two phrases, antecedent and consequent, each of which begins with the same basic motif. A period is a musical element that is in some way repeated.

A period is a group totaling about 8 bars

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